[38], Due to the different linguistic, cultural and geographical environment, and its peculiar complications, the diverse tribal world of Madhya Pradesh has been largely cut off from mainstream development. The Medieval period saw the rise of the Rajput clans, including the Paramaras of Malwa and the Chandelas of Bundelkhand. Two of the medieval India's most noted singers, Tansen and Baiju Bawra, were born near Gwalior in present-day Madhya Pradesh. Bahujan Samaj Party is the third major party in the state legislature, with 2 seats while others won 5 seats. After the formation of Chhattisgarh State, the major portion of Mahanadi basin now lies in Chhattisgarh. Largest cities or towns in Madhya Pradesh, List of cities in Madhya Pradesh by population, International Food Policy Research Institute, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission, List of Chief Ministers of Madhya Pradesh, List of Engineering Colleges in Madhya Pradesh, St. Aloysius Senior Secondary School, Jabalpur, Indian Institute of Tourism and Travel Management (IITTM Gwalior), Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Bhopal, School of Planning and Architecture, Bhopal, Indian Institute of Forest Management (IIFM) Bhopal, National Law Institute University (NLIU) Bhopal, Dharmashastra National Law University, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh Medical Science University, Nanaji Deshmukh Veterinary Science University, Makhanlal Chaturvedi National University of Journalism and Communication, Madhya Pradesh Professional Examination Board, "MP: State Song to be Sung Along with National Anthem", "Uttar Pradesh Governor Anandiben Patel given additional charge of Madhya Pradesh", "BJP's Shivraj Singh Chouhan sworn in as Madhya Pradesh CM for fourth time", Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 47th report (July 2008 to June 2010)", "MP declares endangered 'Mahasheer' breed as state fish", "State Animals, Birds, Trees and Flowers of India", http://fsi.nic.in/cover_2011/madhyapradesh.pdf, "Madhya Pradesh topped the National Tourism Awards 2010-11", "Madhya Pradesh topples Bihar, new No 1 in economic growth", "The Hathnora Skull Fossil from Madhya Pradesh, India", "जबलपुर के हाथ से बस इसलिए निकल गई राजधानी की प्रबल दावेदारी", "India planted 66 million trees in 12 hours", "MP Govt. Other kingdoms mentioned in ancient epics—Malava, Karusha, Dasarna and Nishada—have also been identified with parts of Madhya Pradesh. Based on composition, the teak and sal forests are the important forest formations in the state. In 2011 there were total 296,683 families residing in Ratlam district. Table 1: Distribution of population, sex ratio, density and decadal growth rate of population - State and District : 2011 (Format :xls, Size : 29 kB ) 18. Isolated remains of Homo erectus found in Hathnora in the Narmada Valley indicates that Madhya Pradesh might have been inhabited in the Middle Pleistocene era. As of December 2018[update], the current governor is Lalji Tandon, and the chief minister is Shivraj Singh Chouhan of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). Most of the western Madhya Pradesh comes under Ratlam Rail Division of Western Railways, including cities like Indore, Ujjain, Mandsaur, Khandwa, Neemuch and Bairagarh in Bhopal. [46] Renowned classical singer Kumar Gandharva spent his life at Dewas. Out of which 700,358 are males while 631,239 are females. It borders the states of Uttar Pradesh to the north-east, Chhattisgarh to the south-east, Maharashtra to the south, Gujarat to the west, and Rajasthan to the northwest. The state does not have a coastline. Per capita forest area is 2,400 m2 (0.59 acres) as against the national average of 700 m2 (0.17 acres). Do you want to know which caste is more powerful in Andhra Pradesh? The Rewa Ultra Mega Solar project is a photovoltaic solar park spread over an area of 1,590 acres (6.4 km2) in the Gurh tehsil of Rewa district of Madhya Pradesh. The Satavahana dynasty of the northern Deccan and the Saka dynasty of the Western Satraps fought for the control of Madhya Pradesh during the 1st to 3rd centuries CE. The most notable Maratha rulers of the region were Mahadji Shinde, Ahilyabai Holkar and Yashwantrao Holkar. The population development of all urban agglomerations and single cities in Madhya Pradesh with more than 20,000 inhabitants by census years. Christian, Buddhism, Jainism are the accounted less than 1%. Its capital is Bhopal, and the largest city is Indore. Cricket, Kabaddi, hockey, football, basketball, volleyball, cycling, swimming, badminton and table tennis are the popular sports in the state. The Godavari basin consists of sub-tropical, semi-moist forests, mainly in the valley of the Indrawati. The area covered by the present-day Madhya Pradesh includes the area of the ancient Avanti Mahajanapada, whose capital Ujjain (also known as Avantika) arose as a major city during the second wave of Indian urbanisation in the sixth century BCE. The barasingha is the state animal and the dudhraj is the state bird of Madhya Pradesh. Table of Contents1 Caste Wise Population in … As per details from Census 2011, Himachal Pradesh has population of 68.65 Lakhs, an increase from figure of 60.78 Lakh in 2001 census. [51] The major crops of Madhya Pradesh are wheat, soybean, gram, sugarcane, rice, maize, cotton, rapeseed, mustard and arhar. The state has a total installed power generation capacity of 24950.60 MW as of 30 November 2020. The rock-cut temples at Bagh Caves in the Kukshi tehsil of the Dhar district attest to the presence of the Gupta dynasty in the region, supported by the testimony of a Badwani inscription dated to the year of 487 CE. It also left some monuments of architectural value in Gwalior. After the collapse of the Delhi Sultanate at the end of the 14th century, independent regional kingdoms re-emerged, including the Tomara kingdom of Gwalior and the Muslim Sultanate of Malwa, with its capital at Mandu. There are 500-degree colleges, which are affiliated with one of the universities in the state. Madhya Pradesh is divided into the following agro-climatic zones: Madhya Pradesh is administratively divided into 10 divisions and further 52 districts. [22] The Paramara king Bhoja (c. 1010–1060) was a renowned polymath. The Narmada river is considered very sacred and is worshipped throughout the region. 🛈Today's Message: For the strength of the Pack is the Wolf, & the strength of the Wolf is the Pack. Name Abbr. As per details from Census 2011, Madhya Pradesh has population of 7.27 Crores, an increase from figure of 6.03 Crore in 2001 census. to set up National Dinosaur Fossil Park in Dhar district", "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above", Madhya Pradesh: Economic and Human Development Indicators, "Yet again, Madhya Pradesh tops in cases of feticide", Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) at Current Prices (as on 15-03-2012), "Language – India, States and Union Territories", "51st REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA", "Percentage of Hindus, Sikhs in MP declines, of Muslims rises", "Per Capita Net State Domestic Product at Current Prices", "A special report on India: Ruled by Lakshmi 11 Dec 2008 from, "Madhya Pradesh's GDP goes up to 12 per cent", "ALL INDIA INSTALLED CAPACITY (IN MW) OF POWER STATIONS (OF POWER STATIONS (As on 30.11.2020))", "Electricity | District Rewa, Government of Madhya Pradesh | India", "750 MW Rewa solar project starts supplying power", "MP govt clears proposal for 52nd district", "Centre unveils list of 98 smart cities; UP, TN strike it rich", "Full list of 98 smart cities – Times of India ►", "Madhya Pradesh State Biodiversity Board", Official Site for the Government of Madhya Pradesh, National Informatics Centre – Madhya Pradesh, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Madhya_Pradesh&oldid=998014211#Demographics, States and territories established in 1956, Articles with dead external links from January 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles needing additional references from April 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Alluvial soil, in Northern Madhya Pradesh. Madhya Pradesh meaning Central Province is a state in central India. A fascinating contest is on in Madhya Pradesh. According to the 2009–10 figures, the state had 105,592 primary schools, 6,352 high schools, and 5,161 higher secondary schools. List of all Tehsils in Balaghat District of Madhya Pradesh. [17] Madhya Pradesh is also the world's ninth-most populous subnational entity. Muslim Population in Madhya Pradesh is 47.75 Lakhs (6.57 percent) of … Madhya Pradesh Literacy Rate 2011. Dainik Bhaskar, Dainik Jagran, The Indian Observer, Nava Bharat, Deshbandhu, Nai Duniya, Rajasthan Patrika, Raj Express and Dainik Dabang Dunia are the leading Hindi newspapers. During the 1857 uprising, rebellions happened in the northern parts of the state, led by leaders like Tatya Tope. In 2011 there were total 383845 families residing in Gwalior district. Madhya Pradesh has six Ordnance Factories, four of which are located at Jabalpur (Vehicle Factory, Grey Iron Foundry, Gun Carriage Factory, Ordnance Factory Khamaria) and one each at Katni and Itarsi. The birthplaces of noted playback singers Kishore Kumar (Khandwa) and Lata Mangeshkar (Indore) and singer and composer Aadesh Shrivastava (Jabalpur) are also located in MP. Madhya Pradesh Religion Population The State was bifurcated, with the formation of the State of Chhattisgarh in November, 2000. There are also a number of nature reserves, including Amarkantak, Bagh Caves, Balaghat, Bori Natural Reserve, Ken Gharial, Ghatigaon, Kuno Palpur, Narwar, Chambal, Kukdeshwar, Narsinghgarh, Nora Dehi, Pachmarhi, Panpatha, Shikarganj, Patalkot, and Tamia. The forests in their basins are much richer than the thorn forests of the northwestern part of Madhya Pradesh. Variability in climatic and edaphic conditions brings about significant difference in the forest types of the state. 22 projects costing above $500 million have been sanctioned under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission for the development of Bhopal, Indore, Jabalpur and Ujjain. Its capital is Bhopal, and the largest city is Indore, with Jabalpur, Gwalior, Rewa, and Ujjain being the other major cities. Male 76.06% and Female 50.29%; Madhya Pradesh Population Density 2011 – Census 2021 data will be updated in 2020-2021 Madhya Pradesh: Losing Caste. Then after, in the year 1982 both these boards were amalgamated and named as Madhya Pradesh Professional Examination Board (M.P.P.E.B.). The factories are run by the Ordnance Factories Board, and manufacture a variety of products for the Indian Armed Forces. [29]. Langur monkey (Semnopithecus dussumieri), Orchha, Tickell's blue flycatcher, Bandhavgarh National Park, Male nilgais fighting, Lakeshwari, Gwalior district. On 6 December 2017, the Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan announced that players from the state would be given government jobs on winning medals in international events. The Gurjara-Pratihara dynasty also held sway in northern and western Madhya Pradesh at this time. The official language of the state is Hindi. 2011: Literacy rate in Madhya Pradesh is 69.32 percent as per 2011 population census. Madhya Pradesh cricket team's best performances in Ranji Trophy was in 1998–99, when the Chandrakant Pandit-led team ended as the runner-up. Later, Harsha (c. 590–647) ruled the northern parts of the state. Madhya Pradesh has 5 Special Economic Zones (SEZs): 3 IT/ITeS (Indore, Gwalior), 1 mineral-based (Jabalpur) and 1 agro-based (Jabalpur). Bagh Print Traditional hand block print craft in Bagh. In Khargone, Chhindwara, Seoni, Sidhi, Singrauli and Shahdol districts 30–50 percent population is of tribes. The survey will empower Schedule Caste (SC) constitutes 25% while Schedule Tribe (ST) was 4.7% of the total population in the Tikamgarh district of Madhya Pradesh. In 2001, the figure was 5.87 percent. [47], The major folk dances of MP are Rai, Karma, Saila, Matki, Gangaur, Badhai, Baredi, Naurata, Ahiri and Bhagoria. of India for Madhya Pradesh state reveal that population of Madhya Pradesh has increased by 20.35% in this decade compared (2001-2011) to past decade (1991-2001). No single caste in the OBC/ intermediate caste category has a share of even 30% among MLAs from these two groups in the Madhya Pradesh … The state also has a football team that participates in the Santosh Trophy. The main tribal groups in Madhya Pradesh are Gond, Bhil, Baiga, Korku, Bhadia (or Bhariya), Halba, Kaul, Mariya, Malto and Sahariya. In 2011 there were total 391836 families residing in Balaghat district. Other languages include Bhilodi (Bhili), Gondi, Korku, Kalto (Nahali), and Nihali (Nahali), all spoken by Adivasis. Hindu constitutes 95.73%, Muslim 3.05%, Jain 1.08%, Christian … Because of the state's central location, a number of consumer goods companies have established manufacturing bases in MP. The Chandellas built the majestic Hindu-Jain temples at Khajuraho, which represent the culmination of Hindu temple architecture in Central India. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Mandsaur District as per Census 2011 Madhya Pradesh has a subtropical climate with a hot dry summer (April–June), followed by monsoon rains (July–September) and a cool and relatively dry winter. Ken-gharial and Son-gharial sanctuaries are managed for conservation of gharial and mugger. The Scheduled Caste (SC) population of the State as per 2001 census, is Sanchi and Khajuraho are frequented by external tourists. The major types of soils found in the state are: Madhya Pradesh is home to ten National Parks; Bandhavgarh National Park, Kanha National Park, Satpura National Park, Sanjay National Park, Madhav National Park, Van Vihar National Park, Mandla Plant Fossils National Park, Panna National Park, Pench National Park and Dinosaur National Park, Dhar. Each of these languages has dialects of its own. Legally this area has been classified into "Reserved Forest" (65.3%), "Protected Forest" (32.84%) and "Unclassified Forest" (0.18%). This however is not the caste in Madhya Pradesh. The Central Railway and the Western Railway also cover parts of the state. The dominant political parties in the state are the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the Indian National Congress. The general universities are Awadhesh Pratap Singh University (Rewa), Barkatullah University (Bhopal), Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya (Indore), Rani Durgavati University (Jabalpur), Vikram University (Ujjain), Jiwaji University (Gwalior), Dr. Hari Singh Gour University (Sagar), Indira Gandhi National Tribal University (Amarkantak, Anuppur), Makhanlal Chaturvedi National University of Journalism and Communication (Bhopal). The state has 208 engineering & architecture colleges, 208 management institutes, and 12 medical colleges.[52]. Sampath, M. D., H. V. Trivedi, and Mandan Trivedi. of villages, total village population, total households and area covered by the state of Madhya Pradesh District-wise List of all Villages in Madhya Pradesh With over 75 million inhabitants, it is the fifth-largest state in India by population. In 1956, this state was reorganised and its parts were combined with the states of Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh and Bhopal to form the new Madhya Pradesh state, the Marathi-speaking Vidarbha region was removed and merged with the Bombay State. Madhya Pradesh (/ˌmʌðjə prəˈðeɪʃ/, Hindi: [ˈmədʱjə pɾəˈdeːʃ] (listen); meaning Central Province) is a state in central India. The eastern part of the Ganges basin consists of the Son, the Tons and the Rihand Rivers. The intra-city transit systems mostly consist of buses, private autos and taxis. In the November 2018 state elections, the INC became the single largest party with 114 seats, defeating BJP which won 109 seats. The population development of the State of Madhya Pradesh by census years. It is the main source of water and acts as a lifeline to the state. Madhya Pradesh is the seventh most populous State of Indian Union according to the census 2001. Till 2003, Madhya Pradesh politics was dominated by the upper castes. Religion-wise Population. A Sindhi daily, i.e., Challenge (Now also in Hindi) is published from Bhopal is the only Sindhi newspaper in state. In addition Marathi is spoken by a substantial number of the population since the state was home to several important and prestigious Maratha states. List of all Tehsils in Gwalior District of Madhya Pradesh. The major inter-state bus terminals are located in Bhopal, Indore, Gwalior and Jabalpur. According to the final statistics of the 2011 Census, the Scheduled Castes population in Madhya Pradesh is 1,13,42,320, of which 59,08,638 are males and 54,33,682 are females. Jump to navigation Jump to search. This south facing Ashok Nagar district located in Tuman (Tumvn). There are about 2 crore households in the state and an average 5 persons live in every family. Raja Bhoj International Airport in Bhopal, Dumna Airport in Jabalpur, Gwalior Airport and Khajuraho Airport also have scheduled commercial passenger services. All the rivers, which drain into the Ganges, flow from south to north, with the Chambal, Shipra, Kali Sindh, Parbati, Kuno, Sind, Betwa, Dhasan and Ken rivers being the main tributaries of the Yamuna. Devi Ahilyabai Holkar Airport in Indore is the busiest airport in Madhya Pradesh. According to estimates Madhya Pradesh with a population of over six crores has about 22 per cent Scheduled Tribes and an equally strong 14 per cent strong Scheduled Caste population. Bamboo-bearing areas are widely distributed. After its reorganization, Madhya Pradesh consists of 45 districts. The River Narmada flows through a gorge of marble rocks in Bhedaghat, Jabalpur, The Shri Ram Ghat on the Shipra River in Ujjain, Betwa in the Ashoknagar District of Madhya Pradesh. The population development of the State of Madhya Pradesh by census years. Out of which 682851 are males while 657560 are females. Burhar is a Nagar Panchayat city in district of Shahdol, Madhya Pradesh. The Tapti River runs parallel to Narmada, and also flows through a rift valley. The Scheduled Caste population of the state is 15.6 percent of the total population of … The king Yasodharman of Malwa defeated the Huns in 528, ending their expansion. The Satavahana king Gautamiputra Satakarni inflicted a crushing defeat upon the Saka rulers and conquered parts of Malwa and Gujarat in the 2nd century CE. The small Gond kingdoms emerged in the Gondwana and Mahakoshal regions of the state. 2001: Literacy rate in Madhya Pradesh was 63.74 percent. The forest cover is less dense in the northern and western parts of the state, which contain the major urban centres. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Balaghat District as per Census 2011 [52] Minor Forest Produce (MFP), such as tendu leaves used to roll beedi, sal seed, teak seed, and lak also contribute to state's rural economy. The population development of all urban agglomerations and single cities in Madhya Pradesh with more than 20,000 inhabitants by census years. Its tourism industry has seen considerable growth, with the state topping the National Tourism Awards in 2010–11. The National Chambal Sanctuary is managed for conservation of gharial and mugger, river dolphin, smooth-coated otter and a number of turtle species. After the Third Anglo-Maratha War, the British took control of the entire region. [24] In November 2000, as part of the Madhya Pradesh Reorganization Act, the southeastern portion of the state split off to form the new state of Chhattisgarh. Madhya Pradesh Latest 2019 Caste/Religion Wise population demographics and Census Information before Assembly Elections. [39] According to the India State Hunger Index (2008) compiled by the International Food Policy Research Institute, the malnutrition situation in Madhya Pradesh was "extremely alarming", receiving a severity rating between Ethiopia and Chad. There were 46 recognised Scheduled Tribes and three of them have been identified as "Special Primitive Tribal Groups" in the State. The 99,043-kilometre-long (61,542 mi) road network of the state includes 20 national highways. [23] Several notable leaders such as Chandra Shekhar Azad, B. R. Ambedkar, Shankar Dayal Sharma, Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Arjun Singh were born in what is now Madhya Pradesh. The constitutional head of the state is the Governor, appointed by the President of India. Out of total population, 72.37% of population lives in Urban area and 27.63% lives in Rural area. However, these were crushed by the British and the princes loyal to them. Presently, only 154 km2 basin area of Hasdeo River in Anuppur District lies in Madhya Pradesh. According to the 2011 census, the adivasi population in Madhya Pradesh was 15.34 million, constituting 21.1% of the total population. In the 1540s, most parts of the state fell to Sher Shah Suri, and subsequently to the Hindu king Hemu. Besides the major cities, Bhedaghat, Jabalpur, Bhimbetka, Bhojpur, Maheshwar, Mandu, Orchha, Pachmarhi, Kanha, Amarkantak and Ujjain, Tumen Vindhyavasini temple ancient temple. Son, which arises in the Maikal hills around Amarkantak, is the largest tributary that goes into the Ganges on the south bank and that does not arise from the Himalayas. The state has 52 districts hospitals, 333 community health centres, 1,155 primary health centres and 8,860 sub-centres. 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